Interview as a way of collecting information: strategy of questions
It is important to tell apart interviews as a method of collecting information and interviewing as a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:
- observation, as soon as the researcher himself can be an eyewitness associated with the occasion,
- dealing with papers, where in actuality the document means any product carrier containing texts and pictures.
Forms of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as an approach of data gathering in change are divided in to:
- genre (for planning of text into the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to determine the faculties of a person, then to mirror them into the text).
The reportage interview ended up being talked about when you look at the chapter that is previous. About the investigative shall find out when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview as being a genre, being a real means of text formatting in the form of questions from the interviewer and also the answers associated with the interlocutor. During the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the wide range of questions regarding the researcher is minimized (they generally are not any after all), during the other pole – a discussion, once the journalist not just asks concerns, but also talks much with lengthy arguments.
The fact that the meeting is a discussion, indicates concerning the exact same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. In the typical meeting, the interviewer answers just take 70-90% for the text. A conversation could be carried out with a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the opinion of the journalist had been also interesting to readers, while the opinion associated with interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.
Types of interviews with regards to the subject. Topic interview
With respect to the subject, you will find three types of interviews:
Subject of the subject meeting is their state of things in just about any field of activity. Often this can be an meeting with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he could be linked to this continuing situation. As an example, a what kind of sentence ends with a question mark? police informs just how to protect an apartment from thieves. A doctor explains simple tips to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast how long the crisis is going to be regarding the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.
The structure of this interview that is subject of three parts. First, they show the interlocutor’s connection with the subject. Then there is a parsing associated with the topic for the purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject because of the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.
The hero of this subject meeting can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. This really is a given information interview, among the news genres. The job regarding the journalist is always to learn whenever you can the important points and information on just what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.